These are essentially clients of the sell-side participants who use the markets to invest, hedge, manage risk, speculate or change the term structure or duration of their assets.
Though they may not predominately sell futures, they do design and sell various financial assets to clients. They tend to have matched books or offset their risk across markets and clients.
Futures contracts are part of the pricing and balancing of risk associated with the products they sell and their activities. These include large banks U. Leveraged Funds. These are typically hedge funds and various types of money managers, including registered commodity trading advisors CTAs ; registered commodity pool operators CPOs or unregistered funds identified by CFTC.
The traders may be engaged in managing and conducting proprietary futures trading and trading on behalf of speculative clients. The traders in this category mostly are using markets to hedge business risk, whether that risk is related to foreign exchange, equities or interest rates. This category includes corporate treasuries, central banks, smaller banks, mortgage originators, credit unions and any other reportable traders not assigned to the other three categories.
Spreading The TFF sets out open interest by long, short, and api bitcoin mempool for all four categories of traders. The computed amount of spreading is calculated as the amount of offsetting futures in different calendar months or offsetting futures and options in the same or different calendar months.
Any residual long or short position is reported in the long or short column. Inter-market spreads are not considered.
Numbers of Traders The sum of the numbers of traders in each separate category typically exceeds the total number of reportable traders.